National State of Environment Report; 2018-2019

The National Environment Management Authority (NEMA), in accordance with the National Environment Act No. 5 of 2019, is obliged to produce the National State of the Environment Report (NSOER) every two years.

The NSOER aims to inform the public about the state of the environment in the country; the importance of the environment and natural resources in the development process and their value to society; its trends and projections; the key issues; challenges; and opportunities for improvement.

The theme for the 2018-2019 National State of Environment Report is “Managing the Environment for Climate Resilient Livelihoods and Sustainable Economic Development.”

The report is subdivided into 3 parts;

Part 1: looks at how the state of the environment is closely linked to the quality and productivity of several sectors in Uganda.

Part 2: Focuses on Biodiversity. Due to the uniqueness and diversity of ecosystems and variation of climatic conditions in Uganda, the country hosts 53% of the world’s mountain gorillas, 11% of the global recorded species of birds, 7.8 % of global mammalian species, 19% of Africa’s amphibians and 14% of African reptilians. The country also hosts a high number of globally threatened species i.e. 39 mammals, 25 birds, 12 amphibians, 3 reptiles and 45 plants. At the national level, the number of threatened species is even much higher, underscoring the need for increased species protection in Uganda.

Part 3: Is about Policy and Action Responses: The NEA No.5 of 2019, which come into force on 27th June 2019 introduced the Right of Nature, Special Conservation Areas, Payment for Ecosystem services, Biodiversity and other Offsets, sound management of chemicals, pollution control and liability, management of impacts arising from Oil and Gas developments, e-waste management, strategic environmental assessments, management of plastics and plastic products, enhanced role and functions of lead agencies, and establishment of the Environment Protection Force, and the mandate to develop guidelines and tools for management of the different aspects of the environment

Download the NSOER 2018-2019 in the link below